In visual art there are five basic elements to creating art:
Line, shape, colour, texture and space.
Line maybe 2D or 3D, descriptive, or abstract
Shape can be 2D, flat, or limited to height and width
Colour is made up of three properties–hue, value, and intensity
Texture refers to how something feels and looks–smooth, rough, shiny or dull
Space has negative and positive areas in art work